Animal health and human health are intimately linked. Directly, through contact with or exposure to animals and their environments, and indirectly by way of food production, food safety and antimicrobial drug residues, humans are dependent upon and vulnerable to the health of animals. Veterinary public health is concerned with the interface of human and animal health and addressing problems at that interface. The potential impact of such exploration is greater human and animal health.
Epidemiological needs assessment, problem investigation and subsequent outreach programs are essential tools of veterinary public health practice. These tools are used to explore infection control, infectious and zoonotic disease awareness, environmental contamination with infectious/zoonotic agents and monitoring the consequences of treatment of infectious and zoonotic diseases with antimicrobial drugs (i.e. antimicrobial drug resistance). The specific venues for these explorations for this dissertation include animal shelters, a veterinary teaching hospital, a former Soviet country and a United States governmental program.
A holistic approach is used with animal shelters to assess infection control and zoonotic disease awareness needs, investigate environmental contamination with a zoonotic disease, develop training tools and train animal shelter workers and volunteers. The needs assessment provided valuable information on characteristics of animal shelters, provided impetus for the problem investigation and the basis for outreach training. The problem investigation tool provided the first available information on the prevalence and extent of salmonella contamination in Colorado animal shelters. The outreach components provided a tool and reference for training; the training itself indicated gaps in knowledge in various aspects of infection control and zoonotic disease awareness that could be addressed with training.
Further, problem investigation is explored through the success of active surveillance in discovery and control of a zoonotic disease outbreak in a veterinary teaching hospital. Results of a needs assessment survey in the Republic of Armenia provide the basis for development of outreach materials for veterinarians, farmers and school-age children on their national animal health program. And a system of antimicrobial drug resistance monitoring is examined and challenged for completeness.
Taken together, these studies further the examination of veterinary public health issues and highlight a holistic approach to their exploration.
|School:||Colorado State University|
|School Location:||United States -- Colorado|
|Source:||DAI-B 71/03, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Public health, Epidemiology, Veterinary services|
|Keywords:||Animal shelters, Infection control, Veterinary public health, Zoonotic diseases|
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