Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The Effect of Socioeconomic Status and Sport Participation on Resilience of High School Students
by Guest, Kerry, M.S., Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville, 2018, 43; 10808673
Abstract (Summary)

Extensive research has been dedicated to resilience and its effectiveness as a transferable life-skill that facilitates efficacy. By definition, a resilient child is one who "works well, plays well, loves well, and expects well" (Garmezy, 1974; Werner & Smith, 1982). An important, yet often overlooked issue when examining positive adaptation is the sociocultural context in which an individual operates (Schniraldi & Glenn, 2011). Resilience is developed through self-evaluation of adversity and stress encounters (Bronfenbrenner, 1974; Werner, 2005). Although children that grow up under conditions of severe stress and adversity are at a higher risk to develop certain disorders, a greater percentage of the children become healthy, competent young adults after facing consistent adversity (Watt, 1984; Werner & Smith, 1977). These child’s perceived ability to take on responsibility within the home and develop characteristics associated with resilience is attributed to being more responsive, active and flexible since infancy while problem-solving (Demos, 1989; Werner & Smith, 1982). Similar to the benefits adversity can have on youth development in low socioeconomic communities, young athletes are given the opportunity to develop resilience and efficacy by participation in sport and its structure (Bandura, 1997; Schniraldi & Glenn, 2011). Sport participation directs an individual’s attention, personal interest, intensity of involvement and intimacy into the community.

Research has also indicated a need to continue to understand the relationship between resiliency and sport participation. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of socioeconomic status and sport participation on resiliency within a low-socioeconomic community. Two hundred and forty-two high school students completed written questionnaires regarding background information, history of sport participation and measures for socioeconomic status. There was no significant difference found between the relationship of socioeconomic status and resilience. Pearson correlations found a significant difference in the relationship between sport participation and resilience. No interaction was found between socioeconomic status and sport participation. Future research should examine adolescent self-reported resilience differences in neighboring communities who have significant contrast in community affluence.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Ross-Stewart, Lindsay
Commitee: Cluphf, David, Webb, Benjamin
School: Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville
Department: Kinesiology and Health Education
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: MAI 57/06M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Health sciences
Keywords: Exercise and sport psychology
Publication Number: 10808673
ISBN: 9780438009455
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