Athletes face a significantly higher risk of developing clinical eating disorders compared to nonathletes (Petrie & Greenleaf, 2007; Sundgot-Borgen & Klugland Torstveit, 2004). One risk factor for the development of eating disorders is body dissatisfaction, which is when an individual has a subjective, negative view of their physical body (Stice & Shaw, 2002). Researchers in the field are calling for future research to examine factors that can be modified and strengthened through targeted interventions. Two such factors are self-efficacy and trait self-control. Self-efficacy is the belief is one’s ability to organize the necessary steps to achieve desired goals (Bandura, 1997). Trait self-control is the enduring ability to interrupt undesired behavioral tendencies and resist acting upon them (Baumeister, Vohs & Tice, 2007). The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between body dissatisfaction, self-efficacy and trait self-control. One hundred and five NCAA division I and division II athletes completed an online questionnaire containing demographic information and measures for body dissatisfaction, self-efficacy and trait self-control. Pearson correlations found a significant positive relationship between trait self-control and self-efficacy. Significant negative relationships were found between body dissatisfaction and trait self-control and body dissatisfaction and self-efficacy. Additionally, two separate one-way ANOVAs were run assessing the effect of sex and division on body dissatisfaction, self-efficacy and trait self-control. Female athletes were found to have higher amounts of body dissatisfaction than male athletes and athletes in division II schools also had more body dissatisfaction than those in division I schools. Future research should examine differences in the sporting environment as well as instrumentation that better satisfies the needs of male and female athletes.
|Commitee:||Fernandez Del Valle, Maria, Webb, Benjamin|
|School:||Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville|
|Department:||Kinesiology and Health Education|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||MAI 57/06M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Athletes, Body dissatisfaction, Self-efficacy, Trait self-control|
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