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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Body Dissatisfaction, Self-Efficacy and Trait Self-Control in NCAA Athletes
by Josephs, Molly V., M.S., Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville, 2018, 41; 10790218
Abstract (Summary)

Athletes face a significantly higher risk of developing clinical eating disorders compared to nonathletes (Petrie & Greenleaf, 2007; Sundgot-Borgen & Klugland Torstveit, 2004). One risk factor for the development of eating disorders is body dissatisfaction, which is when an individual has a subjective, negative view of their physical body (Stice & Shaw, 2002). Researchers in the field are calling for future research to examine factors that can be modified and strengthened through targeted interventions. Two such factors are self-efficacy and trait self-control. Self-efficacy is the belief is one’s ability to organize the necessary steps to achieve desired goals (Bandura, 1997). Trait self-control is the enduring ability to interrupt undesired behavioral tendencies and resist acting upon them (Baumeister, Vohs & Tice, 2007). The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between body dissatisfaction, self-efficacy and trait self-control. One hundred and five NCAA division I and division II athletes completed an online questionnaire containing demographic information and measures for body dissatisfaction, self-efficacy and trait self-control. Pearson correlations found a significant positive relationship between trait self-control and self-efficacy. Significant negative relationships were found between body dissatisfaction and trait self-control and body dissatisfaction and self-efficacy. Additionally, two separate one-way ANOVAs were run assessing the effect of sex and division on body dissatisfaction, self-efficacy and trait self-control. Female athletes were found to have higher amounts of body dissatisfaction than male athletes and athletes in division II schools also had more body dissatisfaction than those in division I schools. Future research should examine differences in the sporting environment as well as instrumentation that better satisfies the needs of male and female athletes.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Ross-Stewart, Lindsay
Commitee: Fernandez Del Valle, Maria, Webb, Benjamin
School: Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville
Department: Kinesiology and Health Education
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: MAI 57/06M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Kinesiology
Keywords: Athletes, Body dissatisfaction, Self-efficacy, Trait self-control
Publication Number: 10790218
ISBN: 978-0-438-00934-9
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