Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The Reality of This and That
by Kelly-Lopez, Catherine A., M.A., The University of Toledo, 2005, 41; 10835923
Abstract (Summary)

This study examines and compares the use of [ðIs] and [ðæt] by native speakers of English (NS’s) and non-native speakers of English (NNS’s) in a deictic study. The study examines traditional definitions of this and that found in dictionaries as well as contemporary definitions of this and that provided by email queries. Sixty subjects were shown pictures of eleven apples and were asked which specific apple they liked best and which specific apple they liked least. The response pairs of NS’s and NNS’s were compared to see if they were significantly different. Chi-square tests showed that NNS’s used [ðIs] as their first response and [ðæt] as their second response significantly more often than NS’s. The research suggests that definitions and rules traditionally found in books and which are taught in ESL classes are more descriptive of behavior of NNS’s than that of NS’s in a real world situation. Thus, this research suggests the possibility that the use of these rules in ESL teaching may lead to speech that is not native-like.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Coleman, Douglas
School: The University of Toledo
Department: English as a Second Language
School Location: United States -- Ohio
Source: MAI 57/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: English as a Second Language
Keywords: Deictic, Deixis, Gestures, Hard science linguistics, Native speaker, Non-native speaker
Publication Number: 10835923
ISBN: 978-0-355-97065-4
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