This study is an extension of my master's research, in which I analyzed the impact of the Fulbright experience on the life, work and network of artists who participated in the Fulbright exchange program. My doctoral research aimed towards understanding the role of artists in building "Social Capital" across global communities. As it is difficult to measure and demonstrate the impact and value of exchanges or of cultural diplomacy in a short time, this study focuses on observing, analyzing, and understanding the effects of artistic exchange by measuring the social capital built in global communities. Through this research I propose that changes that occur in people on personal/individual levels in the global communities due to artistic exchanges facilitate public diplomacy at the micro level and international relations at the macro level.
The assumption is that when individuals who have influence over larger population change, their experience permeates to a wider population, thereby creating a more positive psychological environment for international relations. For the purpose of this research study parallels were drawn between the profiles of exchange artists, as identified from my master's degree research and 'global citizens' as defined by William Hitt (1998). Robert Putnam's concept of social capital was used to analyze how exchange artists, as global citizens, contribute in building mutual trust, reciprocity and networks within global communities.
The International Exchange Programs of the Ohio Arts Council, executed during the years 1998 to 2004, were studied by analyzing: • The impact of cultural exchange on participating artists and arts educators • The impact of cultural exchange on the officials of Ohio Arts Council and the collaborating organizations who coordinate and execute the exchange program in participating countries • The impact of cultural exchanges on audience members in the U.S.
The instruments of data collection included: open ended in person interviews and online surveys with the various stakeholders of the cultural exchange programs.
By measuring the social capital built by artists through the exchange program, this study aims to articulate the role of artists in building bridges of understanding across cultures and creating networks of global individuals and institutions, which can facilitate international cooperation and peace.
|School:||The Ohio State University|
|Department:||Arts Policy and Administration|
|School Location:||United States -- Ohio|
|Source:||DAI-A 79/09(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Cultural diplomacy, Cultural exchange, Cultural policy|
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