There has been a heightened interest in the high temperature behavior of gamma-based titanium aluminide alloys in the past decade or so. Despite the large body of work done in the area of high-temperature creep, the present understanding of creep mechanisms and the effect of alloying and microstructure is limited. The first part of this investigation concentrates on the creep behavior in the equiaxed microstructure of γ-TiAl alloys. The aim is to understand the mechanisms and develop a physically-based model for creep in the gamma phase. A modification of the classic jogged-screw model has been previously adopted to explain observations of 1/2-type jogged-screw dislocations in equiaxed Ti-48Al under creep conditions. The goal of this study is to verify and validate the parameters and functional dependencies that have been assumed in that model. The original solution has been reformulated with the aid of analytical modeling, numerical simulations and Transmission Electron Microscopy. Combining the parameters and dependencies, derived both from experiment and theory, leads to an excellent prediction of creep rates and stress exponents. In the second part of this study creep behavior of the fully lamellar TiAl alloys is investigated. Dislocation structures similar to those observed in the equiaxed alloys suggests that the jogged-screw model can be adapted for lamellar alloys. The aim of the model is to predict the unique creep phenomenology of fully lamellar alloys. The strengths and shortcomings of the model are discussed. Probable low stress creep mechanisms are also suggested. The origin of fully lamellar alloys' superior creep properties stems from the constrained nature of deformation in the lamellae. The results from stress drop experiments are analysed to explore the origin of the large back stresses associated with the fully lamellar alloys. Reduction of the lamellar spacing is proposed as the best way to lower creep rates. In the final part of this study, the microstructural stability of lamellar alloys during exposure to creep conditions is investigated. A detailed investigation of the creep behavior of the aged (stabilized) and unaged (unstabilized) alloys was carried out and subsequent TEM studies were done to characterize the microstructural changes during creep. Continued loss of metastable alpha-2 is proposed as the reason for the larger strain rates in all stages of creep for the alloy in the unaged condition. Dynamic recrystallization and the formation of equiaxed gamma grains are discussed. These results suggest that microstructural stability is critically important in order to achieve the highest possible creep strengths. The effect of microalloying and the role of precipitation hardening in creep are investigated. The probable mechanisms of primary, secondary and tertiary creep are discussed and methods for improving the creep properties are suggested.
|School:||The Ohio State University|
|Department:||Materials Science and Engineering|
|School Location:||United States -- Ohio|
|Source:||DAI-B 79/09(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Fully lamellar, Gamma titanium aluminide, High temperature creep, Jogged screw model, Microstructural stability, Modeling|
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