Recent research in regret literature, examining the moderating role of perceived opportunity, has yielded conflicting results. Roese and Summerville (2005) argue that conditions that enhance perceptions of future opportunities should elicit the most intensely felt regrets, whereas Beike, Markman and Karadogan (2009) argue that it is the perception of lost opportunities (i.e., high past but low future) that elicit the most intensely felt regrets. Thus, the main purpose of the current project was to offer a resolution to these conflicting positions. With this goal in mind, three studies were conducted to demonstrate that the effect of perception of future opportunities change depending on the nature of decision type (i.e., changing the status quo vs. maintaining the status quo). Study 1 investigated the interactive effect of decision type and perceived opportunity on regret intensity by adopting a scenario paradigm. Results of Study 1 demonstrated that the amount of regret experienced intensified in situations where future opportunities to take corrective action were no longer available. Due to the possible limitations of a scenario paradigm, Study 2 was conducted by adopting a more involving paradigm in which participants were required to make actual regret-eliciting decisions. Consistent with the predictions, changing the status quo was regretted more than maintaining it under the conditions of low opportunity, whereas maintaining the status quo was regretted more than changing it under the conditions of high opportunity. In addition to the attempt to replicate the previously obtained interaction effect, Study 3 sought evidence whether self-uncertainty about one’s judgmental abilities is responsible for the obtained interactive results. The study clearly replicated the previous findings which demonstrated that amount of regret experienced changed as a function of both decision type (i.e., maintaining status quo vs. changing it) and perceived future opportunity. Additional analyses suggest that the mechanism of self-uncertainty at present does not statistically mediate the interactive effects of decision type and perceived opportunity on experience of regret. Implications of the results obtained are discussed with a focus on possible directions for future research.
|Commitee:||Alicke, Mark, Gonzalez-Vallejo, Claudia, Markman, Keith, Shelly, Robert|
|School Location:||United States -- Ohio|
|Source:||DAI-B 79/09(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Decision making, Emotions, Future opportunity, Monty hall paradigm, Regret|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be