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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Drought-tolerant and Short-season Corn Hybrids to Mitigate Risk, Optimize Yield and Profit, while Increasing Water Use Efficiency
by Williams, John Joseph, M.S., Mississippi State University, 2018, 68; 10793637
Abstract (Summary)

The Mississippi River Valley Alluvial Aquifer (MRVAA) aquifer is the principal water source for Mid-South irrigators, but the current rate of withdrawal from the aquifer is not sustainable. Means to increase the sustainability of the MRVAA is to improve corn’s water use efficiency (WUE) while, concurrently, maintaining or improving profitability. The objectives of this experiment were to determine the effects of sensor-based irrigation threshold, planting date, and hybrid on corn grain yield, WUE, and net returns above seed and irrigation cost. Season long irrigation thresholds of -50 kPa full irrigation (FI) and -125 kPa limited irrigation (LI) were used, utilizing furrow irrigation. In conclusion, utilizing a delayed irrigation trigger of -125 kPa decreases grain yield and, ultimately, net returns in years with less naturally occurring rainfall, but increases WUE. Shifting the planting date earlier and using full-season (FS) hybrids, increases grain yield, WUE, and net returns.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Henry, W. Brien
Commitee: Falconer, Lawrence L., Krutz, L. Jason, Reynolds, Daniel B., Varco, Jac J.
School: Mississippi State University
Department: Plant and Soil Sciences
School Location: United States -- Mississippi
Source: MAI 57/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Agronomy
Keywords: Aquifer, Corn, Drought-tolerant, Hybrid, Irrigation, Planting date
Publication Number: 10793637
ISBN: 978-0-355-92250-9
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