In this dissertation, image feature extraction quality is enhanced through the introduction of two feature learning techniques and, subsequently, feature-level fusion strategies are presented that improve classification performance. Two image/signal processing techniques are defined for pre-conditioning image data such that the discriminatory information is highlighted for improved feature extraction. The first approach, improved Evolution-COnstructed features, employs a modified genetic algorithm to learn a series of image transforms, specific to a given feature descriptor, for enhanced feature extraction. The second method, Genetic prOgramming Optimal Feature Descriptor (GOOFeD), is a genetic programming-based approach to learning the transformations of the data for feature extraction. GOOFeD offers a very rich and expressive solution space due to is ability to represent highly complex compositions of image transforms through binary, unary, and/or the combination of the two, operators. Regardless of the two techniques employed, the goal of each is to learn a composition of image transforms from training data to present a given feature descriptor with the best opportunity to extract its information for the application at hand. Next, feature-level fusion via multiple kernel learning (MKL) is utilized to better combine the features extracted and, ultimately, improve classification accuracy performance. MKL is advanced through the introduction of six new indices for kernel weight assignment. Five of the indices are measured directly from the kernel matrix proximity values, making them highly efficient to compute. The calculation of the sixth index is performed explicitly on distributions in the reproducing kernel Hilbert space. The proposed techniques are applied to an automatic buried explosive hazard detection application and significant results are achieved.
|Advisor:||Ball, John E., Anderson, Derek T.|
|Commitee:||Donohoe, John P., Younan, Nicolas H.|
|School:||Mississippi State University|
|Department:||Electrical and Computer Engineering|
|School Location:||United States -- Mississippi|
|Source:||DAI-B 79/09(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||GOOFeD, IECO, Image processing, Machine learning, Multiple kernel learning, Object detection|
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