Celsr1 is an atypical cadherin central to the asymmetric cell-cell complexes that define planar cell polarity (PCP). Previous work has shown that Celsr1 undergoes bulk endocytosis during cell division in the basal layer of the mouse skin. Here, we report the unexpected finding that Celsr1-mediated intercellular complexes remain intact during mitotic internalization, resulting in uptake of Celsr1 and associated PCP components into dividing cells from their neighbors in a process known as trans-endocytosis. Our observations suggest that the bulk of this internalized pool of Celsr1 is targeted for degradation. Furthermore, Celsr1 internalized from neighboring cells carries with it additional core PCP proteins, including the posteriorly-enriched Fzd6 and anteriorly-enriched Vangl2. However surprisingly, Vangl2 originating from the dividing cell is excluded from mitotic endosomes and remains associated with the membrane. Overexpression of Vangl2 in vitro is sufficient to interfere with Celsr1 internalization, and mitotic internalization of Celsr1 within the skin is delayed at anterior cell surfaces. We propose that Vangl2 stabilizes Celsr1 at the membrane and its dissociation from Celsr1 is a prerequisite for Celsr1 turnover. Together our results indicate that mitotic turnover of Celsr1 depends on the displacement of Vangl2 from PCP complexes and results in the non-autonomous turnover of PCP proteins from neighboring cells.
|Commitee:||Gavis, Elizabeth R., Wieschaus, Eric F.|
|School Location:||United States -- New Jersey|
|Source:||DAI-B 79/09(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Cellular biology, Developmental biology|
|Keywords:||Celsr1, Mitotic internalization, Planar cell polarity, Polarity, Trans-endocytosis, Vangl2|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be