This study investigated the relationship among problem-solving skills, depression, and aggression. This study tested the hypotheses that a positive correlation exists between aggression and depression, and a negative correlation exists between aggression and problem-solving skills. Participants (N = 51; males = 8; females = 43) were undergraduate and graduate students. Each person completed a brief demographic questionnaire designed for this study, the Aggression Questionnaire (AQ; Buss & Warren, 2000), the Beck Depression Inventory-2 (BDI-2; Beck, 1996) and the Problem-Solving Skills: Social Problem-Solving Inventory-Revised-Long Version (SPSI-R-L; D’Zurilla & Nezu, 2002). Pearson correlation analyses were conducted to examine the relationship of aggression with both depression and problem-solving skills. Analyses were conducted for the full sample and for females alone. As predicted, results indicated a significant positive correlation between aggression and depression (Full sample, r(51) = .58; p < .01; female sub-sample, r(43) = .61; p < .01), and a significant negative correlation between aggression and problem-solving skills (Full sample, r(51) = -0.38; p < .01; female sub-sample, r(43) = -0.36; p < .05; male sub-sample, r(8) = -0.73; p < .05). Exploratory multiple regression analysis revealed that depression scores reliably predict aggression in females (β = .60, B = .63, p < .001). Results support other studies’ findings regarding the relationship of aggression with both depression and problem-solving skills. Clinical implications of these results are discussed, including the utility of investigating depressive symptoms and problem-solving skills deficits when aggression is the focus of clinical attention.
|Commitee:||McBride, Cami, Torres-Harding, Susan|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||DAI-B 79/08(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Psychology, Clinical psychology|
|Keywords:||Aggression, Depression, Females, Problem-solving skills, Young adult|
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