Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Risk Factors of High Blood Pressure in Older South Africans
by Mbaissouroum, Mouanodji, M.P.H., Southern Connecticut State University, 2017, 90; 10748437
Abstract (Summary)

High blood pressure (HBP) is a worldwide concern in many countries (Keamey, et al., 2005). HBP is likely to be higher in underdeveloped countries, specifically in Africa (Addo, Smeeth, & Leon, 2007; Kearney, et al.,2005; World Health Organization [WHO], 2015). The prevalence of HBP in South Africa is 21%, which is about 6 million individuals (Steyn, Gaziano, Bradshaw, Laubscher, & Fourier, 2001). The purpose of the study is to examine the predictive factors of HBP among older adults in South Africa. This cross-sectional study used secondary data from the World Health Organization (WHO & Phaswana-Mafaya, 2008). The total number of participants included in this sample was 2,145 adults age 60 and over, of which females comprise 59%. The average age was 69.50 years (SD= 7.63). The prevalence of reporting HBP among respondents was 37%. The multivariate analysis shows that, when other factors are controlled, being female, having a larger waist circumference, having a diagnosis of diabetes and depression, and urban residence significantly predicted HBP among older South Africans. When comparing men and women, the results of the logistic regression shows that the decrease of odds of having HBP among men who have diabetes and depression is less than the decrease of odds of having HBP among women who have diabetes and depression. These findings indicate that the risk factors, diabetes and depression, have a bigger effect on females compared to males. The results of the study will help to implement primary HBP prevention targeting South African older adult females who have been diagnosed with diabetes, depression, and who live in urban areas.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Unson, Christine
Commitee: Bernard, Stanley, Breny, Jean M., Flynn, Deborah P..
School: Southern Connecticut State University
Department: Public Health
School Location: United States -- Connecticut
Source: MAI 57/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: African Studies, Public Health Education, Public health
Keywords: High blood pressure, Older adults, Risk factors, South africans
Publication Number: 10748437
ISBN: 978-0-355-81716-4
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