RTI is a multi-tiered approach to instruction, assessment, and intervention shown to increase student achievement (Buffum et al., 2010; Fletcher & Vaughn, 2009; Scammacca et al., 2007; Vaughn et al., 2009). Despite its widespread adoption (Spectrum K-12 Solutions, 2010), educators continue to struggle with implementation (Balu et al., 2015; Cavendish et al., 2016). Several studies have associated the need for teachers to have both the skills and beliefs in RTI to ensure effective implementation (Kratochwill et al., 2007; Nunn & Jantz, 2009; Werts et al., 2014). In the field of education, teachers are able to develop collective efficacy and beliefs in RTI through participation in a PLC (Brinson & Steiner, 2007; DuFour et al., 2010). Educational leaders who are seeking to improve student achievement can embed RTI into the work of a PLC to support teachers as they acquire and develop RTI skills and beliefs needed for effective implementation (DuFour & Mattos, 2013; Helman & Rosheim, 2016; Mundschenk & Fuchs, 2016).
This mixed-methods study examined the influence that participation in a PLC had on elementary teacher beliefs in RTI and their sense of collective efficacy. The researcher studied 119 volunteer teachers in nine elementary schools who were implementing RTI with a PLC and without the use of a PLC to determine if there were differences in beliefs between the two groups. This researcher used the 6 point Likert CE-Scale (Goddard et al., 2000) to measure collective efficacy of both groups of teachers and the 5 point BRTIS (Castillo et al., 2016a) to measure overall beliefs in RTI and its three principles.
This researcher was able to determine the level of collective efficacy and teacher beliefs in RTI through the analysis of both the quantitative and qualitative data. She was able to verify that teachers in schools that embedded RTI within the work of a PLC reported statistically higher levels of collective efficacy and beliefs in RTI and its principles. The qualitative data revealed that PLC/RTI teachers felt less isolated in their work, more confident in their RTI skills, and shared collective beliefs in their abilities to influence student learning. The data suggested that participation in a PLC allowed teachers to learn with and from one another as a means of formal and informal professional development and through regular interactions that focused on student learning through the use of RTI. The data also revealed that although PLC/RTI teachers reported higher beliefs in all three RTI principles, the majority of teachers in both types of schools did not believe that all children could learn at high levels and predicated their beliefs based in a difference between general and special education students. Lastly, there was limited evidence that participation in a PLC influenced teacher beliefs about the importance of core instruction and assessments for increasing student learning. However, overall, PLC/RTI teachers reported higher levels of collective efficacy and beliefs in RTI and its principles, and their participation in a PLC likely contributed to these increased beliefs.
|Advisor:||Moriarty, Joan, Jasmine, Joanne|
|Department:||Division of Education|
|School Location:||United States -- New Jersey|
|Source:||DAI-A 79/08(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Higher Education Administration, Educational psychology|
|Keywords:||Collective efficacy, Professional learning community, Response to intervention, Teacher beliefs|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be