The purpose of this study was to answer the three part research question which asked, "What types of informational resources do first grade teachers in a local county provide in their classroom libraries, how often do they require their students to use or refer to these informational materials to complete an assignment, and what instructional activities and strategies do first grade teachers use involving informational text? Surveys were sent to 58 first grade teachers in a northwest Ohio county. Of the 58 surveys sent out, 29 of the surveys (50%) were returned. Questions on the survey asked participants to indicate informational text resources available in their classroom libraries, strategies and activities they use regarding informational text, and frequency of informational text use within these instructional activities.
Results for research question one indicated that trade books were found to be the most frequently represented informational source as the majority of the first grade classroom libraries contained them. Newspapers and brochures were the least represented informational text resources found in first grade classroom libraries.
Results for the second part of the research question indicated that the majority of the participants in the study provided daily opportunities for their students to read informational text during independent reading time. Also, the participants indicated that their students were asked to complete assignments requiring an informational text source on a monthly basis.
The most prevalent informational text strategies used in first grade classrooms were think-alouds, demonstrations and experiments to explain a concept, and modeling questioning strategies while reading. The strategy used the least was modeling how to skim and scan for important information with only a small percentage of participants marking this response.
|School:||Bowling Green State University|
|School Location:||United States -- Ohio|
|Source:||MAI 57/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Elementary education, Reading instruction|
|Keywords:||First grade reading, Informational text, Instruction for teaching non-fiction and informational text, Non-fiction in the primary grades|
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