Due process of law requires actors in the criminal justice system to base their decisions on legal rather than extra-legal factors such as the race or sex of the defendant on case outcomes. The extent to which decisions are based on these extra-legal factors has been a common topic of research, especially regarding the effects race/ethnicity have on judges and juries. verdicts. The results from such studies are mixed; some researchers claim that minority jurors are more likely to acquit the offender, while others argue that race does not have an adverse impact during jury deliberations. Many of the studies, however, use mock trials or focus on one specific crime, such as rape. Although these studies do make an important contribution, the results observed do not accurately portray what occurs in jury trials in the .real. world. The present study examines the significance of the racial composition of juries on non-capital felony case outcomes in four counties in the United States.
|School:||Bowling Green State University|
|School Location:||United States -- Ohio|
|Source:||MAI 57/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Law, Social psychology|
|Keywords:||Defendant race, Discrimination and disparity, Impartial juries, Non-capital felony juries, Racial composition|
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