This exploratory secondary analysis examined rank (position on occupational hierarchy), perceived control, and salivary cortisol (biomarker for stress) using archival data from the Buffalo Cardio-Metabolic Occupational Police Stress (BCOPS) study (Violanti et al., 2006). It was expected that higher-ranking officers (detective, sergeant, lieutenant, and captain) would have more perceived control, and would have lower waking cortisol values than lower-ranking officers (patrol officer/police officer). Perceived control was assessed using the control facet of the Short Hardiness Scale (Dispositional Resilience Scale, DRS-15) developed by Paul T. Bartone (1995). Awakening salivary cortisol (AC) samples include samples immediately upon waking (AC0), with repeated measures 15 (AC 15), 30 (AC 30), and 45 (AC 45) minutes thereafter. The awakening cortisol response (ACR) was computed by using the mean increase (MnInc) in cortisol levels (AC 15 + AC 30 + AC45)/3-AC0). There were no statistically significant findings; however, there are a number of implications to be derived from this analysis for future research.
|Commitee:||Belcher-Timme, Barbara, Borden, Kathi, Graves, James|
|School Location:||United States -- Ohio|
|Source:||DAI-B 79/08(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Occupational safety, Health sciences, Clinical psychology, Physiological psychology|
|Keywords:||Allostasis, Cortisol, Law enforcement, Perceived control, Rank, Stress|
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