Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Constructing an Arabic Language Version of the Stress Overload Scale (SOS)
by Bashmi, Luma E., M.A., California State University, Long Beach, 2018, 71; 10743382
Abstract (Summary)

Arabic-speaking populations suffer from unique stressors including but not limited to acculturation, making it more crucial than ever to have a validated tool to measure stress in this population. The Stress Overload Scale (SOS), which measures stress perceived as overwhelming relative to one’s resources, has proven effective in predicting illness in English-speaking populations; but no Arabic version of the 30-item SOS yet exists. The current study aimed to construct an Arabic SOS, and determine if it maintains its validity in native Arabic speakers in the United States. The 30-item SOS was translated into Arabic using the Cross-Cultural Adaptation method, including back translation. The sample consisted of 90 native Arabic speakers, aged 18 years and over from a large public university, who completed the measures online. The study demonstrated that the Arabic SOS generally paralleled the original version in terms of a two-factor structure (Personal Vulnerability and Event Load) and reliability. The Arabic SOS also demonstrated construct and criterion validity by showing significant positive correlations with the Arabic Perceived Stress Scale and the Patient-Health Questionnaire-15, respectively. Limitations of this study and suggestions for future validation in different Arabic-speaking samples and settings are discussed. It is concluded that the Arabic SOS may offer a better tool for evaluating pathogenic stress in Arabic-speaking populations than current existing measures.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Amirkhan, James H.
Commitee: Chun, Chi-Ah, Gonzalez, Araceli
School: California State University, Long Beach
Department: Psychology
School Location: United States -- California
Source: MAI 57/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Translation studies, Health sciences, Public health, Psychology
Keywords: Cross-cultural adaptation, Native Arabic speakers, Patient-Health Questionnaire, Perceived Stress Scale, Personal vulnerability, Stress overload
Publication Number: 10743382
ISBN: 9780355715552
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