The demand for increasing global food production is growing rapidly from 7.6 billion people today to a projected 11.2 billion people to feed by the year 2100 (United Nations, 2017). Despite the strong emphasis being placed on farm safety, agriculture-related injuries and fatalities continue to rise. The intensification and pressures to address these issues places the farmer and/or farmworker at an even greater risk of injury. North Carolina is one of the leading agriculture states in the United States, also positioning it as one of the riskiest in which farm-related accidents can occur. In an effort to meet economic challenges in the marketplace, farmers are growing product at a very increasing rate and are using diversification as a strategic move to increase farm income.
Such issues as this, prompted research to identify the safety practices that are commonly utilized on traditional and agritourism farms in Central North Carolina to keep farmers safe. In addition, there is a growing interest in identifying which of these safety practices are significantly different between the two farm types. This study focused on preventative measures and behavioral practices. A survey was constructed using the Qualtrics Software (www.qualtrics.com) and was disseminated online and face-to-face. A total of 101 surveys were collected from 425 potential respondents, producing a response rate of 24 percent. One hundred and one farms, (57 traditional; 44 agritourism) were processed and the responses analyzed. Among the significant differences between the two farm types, agritourism farms were found to be more likely to complete some type of farm safety certification and were more likely to incorporate a greater number of safety practices on their farms in comparison to traditional farms. However, traditional farms were more likely to use sunscreen and safety apparel compared to the agritourism farms. Farmers representing the two farm types reported using safety practices at varying degrees. Therefore, the study revealed that both traditional and agritourism farms implemented some type of safety practice, but both could benefit from improving the use of select safety practices.
In conclusion, more organized farm safety education and outreach programs could effectively address the need for more preventative safety practices on both agritourism and traditional farms in Central North Carolina, leading to a safer workplace and environment for the farmer, farmworker, and the visitor.
|Commitee:||Gray, Benjamin, Noble, Ralph|
|School:||North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University|
|Department:||Animal Health Science|
|School Location:||United States -- North Carolina|
|Source:||MAI 57/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Occupational safety, Agriculture, Animal sciences, Agricultural economics|
|Keywords:||Agriculture injury, Agriculture medicine, Agritourism, Farm fatality, Farm risks, Farm safety|
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