Research on bystanders’ willingness to intervene in intimate-partner violence (IPV), particularly among young adults, is lacking. Thus, a survey regarding bystander intervention willingness was administered to 318 college students at a large, public university. Various individual and contextual factors were analyzed to understand what makes college students more or less willing to intervene. Participants generally reported high intervention willingness when the IPV incident included the following: a female victim, a friend or acquaintance as the victim, disclosed or suspected IPV behavior, and a private setting. In general, participants were more willing to directly intervene; however, female participants were more willing to offer the victim emotional support. Therefore, bystander intervention willingness depends on gender (victim and bystander); setting (public vs. private); closeness to the victim (friend, acquaintance, or stranger); bystander’s level of awareness (IPV disclosure, suspicion, or observation); level of involvement (direct vs. indirect); and intervention response (direct vs. emotional support). Colleges should implement comprehensive programs that improve guardianship, bystander competency, and collective efficacy by focusing on how and when college students can help (e.g., identifying IPV signs, clarifying common misconceptions, and offering resources, and modifying social norms).
|Commitee:||Malm, Aili, Perrone, Dina|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|Department:||Criminology, Criminal Justice and Emergency Management|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 57/04M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Social psychology, Criminology, Higher education|
|Keywords:||Bystander intervention, Collective efficacy, Guardianship, Intervention willingness, Intimate-partner violence, Young adults|
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