We have investigated the Faraday effect of bismuth-doped rare-earth iron-garnets with varying doping levels of gallium from z = 1.0 to 1.35. We used lutetium to control the film's in-plane magnetic properties and found that gallium doping levels above the compensation point caused a loss of anisotropy control, a canted out-of-plane magnetization in the film, and an extremely weak but linear coercivity above 10 micro-Tesla fields. Using these results we focused on in-plane films to create 8 layer stacks of 500 um thick films to achieve a minimum detectable field of 50 pT at 1 kHz. Unlike previous Magneto-Optic (MO) studies that typically used thin films of approximately 1um thickness, we used approximately 400um thick films to allow experimentation with the final, robust, ideal form the MO sensor would take. We measured what most other MO studies with garnets neglected: the magnetic anisotropy axis or structure within the film. Knowledge of this structure is essential in improving the sensitivity of a stacked MO probe. Studying thick films proved to be key to understanding the magnetic anisotropy and domain properties that can degrade or enhance the sensitivity of the Faraday rotation in bismuth doped rare-earth iron-garnets to an applied magnetic field and to pointing the direction of future research to develop the conditions for rugged magnetometer sensors.
|Commitee:||Riseborough, Peter, Won, Chang-Hee, Wu, Dong Ho|
|School Location:||United States -- Pennsylvania|
|Source:||DAI-B 79/05(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Applied physics, Physics, Condensed matter physics|
|Keywords:||Faraday effect, Gallium, Garnets, Magneto-optics, Magnetometer, Stack|
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