Development aims to improve capabilities and lives but can have negative consequences if the improvements demand more of people’s time, particularly those who are in or near a state of time poverty. Time poverty refers to a lack of adequate rest and leisure time, where taking time to rest would result in greater poverty. Time poverty ties closely to gender roles and responsibilities with women often suffering from greater time poverty than men. This study investigates the impact of eco-stoves on women’s time allocation in four indigenous Lenca communities in western Honduras. The study analyzed the perceived impact of the eco-stove intervention on women’s livelihoods, changes in women’s daily activities, and the impact of these changes on women’s level of strategic decision-making within the context of changing gender norms and perceptions. Results suggest an increase in available time for women due to a reduction in time spent collecting fuelwood and cooking due to increased stove efficiency. Also evident is a recent shift by both men and women in perceptions of gender norms and responsibilities that has potential implications for women’s agency at the household and community level. When women experience an increase in available time, however, they often choose to increase time on practical, rather than strategic, gender needs and on tasks related to food security.
|Commitee:||Deere, Carmen Diana, Porter, Wendell, Swisher, Mickie|
|School:||University of Florida|
|School Location:||United States -- Florida|
|Source:||DAI-B 79/04(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Natural Resource Management, Sustainability, Gender studies|
|Keywords:||development, empowerment, gender|
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