This study examines the idea of transversality in Édouard Glissant's works. Our argument is that Glissant’s writings can be studied in a transversal way. First, the central ideas of Glissant’s thinking were inspired by the transversal thoughts of the writers, Michel de Montaigne, Victor Segalen and William Faulkner. Secondly, the transversal views expressed by contemporary authors, Félix Guattari, Gilles Deleuze and Bryan Reynolds, have analogy with Glissant’s thoughts. We have showed that Glissant’s thinking is transversal because he borrows Montaigne, Segalen and Faulkner’s transversal ideas. These authors inscribe into their works the notions of diversity, alterity and miscegenation. The latter fit well into the issues that Glissant’s thinking raises. The Martinican writer uses the ideas expressed in the works of his literary predecessors in order to substantiate his own views.
We have explained that the ideas of transversality display by Guattari, Deleuze and Reynolds have a resemblance with the opinions expressed by Glissant in his works. Guattari’s notion of transversality conveys the idea of connection and hybridization. Deleuze’s idea of transversality considers the work of art as a machine of social production that functions according to the principles of multiplicities and fragmentation. Reynold’s theory of transversality highlights an alternative culture that grants a power to marginal individuals so that they can live in their own world. The use of a transversal approach in this study about Glissant’s works allows reconciliation between Franco-Caribbean, French and American literatures and between literature, psychiatry and philosophy. KEYWORDS: Édouard Glissant- Transversality- Subjectivity- Literary Machine- Transversal power.
|Commitee:||Blood, Susan, Briere, Eoise|
|School:||State University of New York at Albany|
|School Location:||United States -- New York|
|Source:||DAI-A 79/04(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||French literature, Comparative literature, Caribbean literature|
|Keywords:||France, Glissant, Edouard, Literary machine, Machine litteraire, Martinique, Pouvoir transversal, Subjectivite, Subjectivity, Transversal power, Transversalite, Transversality- subjectivity- literary machine- transversal power.|
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