The Secretary of Homeland Security, John Kelly, on April, 2017, at George Washington University, explained the dangers emanting from transnational organized crime (TOC), a rubric for convergent, crime-terror networked systems, as a joint homeland security and homeland security educational problem (HSE). The two-fold research problem for this mixed methodological concurrent-transformative study is: (1) a lack of knowledge regarding threat convergence by scholar-practitioner-administrators, and others, in various disciplines; (2) a lack of empirical data regarding threat convergence in research and Academia and its integration into HSE undergraduate-graduate curricula. The two-fold purpose of this study is: (1) to investigate, qualitatively and empirically (quantitatively) what scholar-practitioner-administrators, and others in various disciplines and occupations, know and understand about illicit threat convergence (e.g., narco-terrorism; crime-terror nexus phenomenon; (2) to consider the strategic implications of convergence and evolutionary, emergent potential to metastasize into higher-order, state-like systems (virtual states), including, al-Qaeda; Hezbollah, the Islamic State (ISIS), and transnational organized criminal networks, as manifestations of deviant globalization. The research participants, 62 scholar-practitioner-educators, first responders, and private citizens, arranged into two groups, completed a survey instrument that probed aspects of convergent interactivity. In the survey’s overall raw-scores, Group I, a criminal justice-first responder group, showed greater understanding of convergence than Group II, a civilian-oriented group, providing sufficient evidence to reject the Null Hypothesis of equality of means between groups. Here, the z-statistic of 2.53 was greater than z-critical of 1.95; p (two-tailed) of 0.01, lower than alpha (level of significance), at the traditional p = 0.05. Cohen’s d = 0.64; (r) of 0.30, indicated a significant effect size. However, elsewhere, in the ten Research Questions relating to cyber-crime, the Civilian Group II, showed greater awareness of specific, convergent phenomena, an unanticipated result. Accordingly, the present study’s findings empirically validated prior researchers’ recommendations for greater academic focus on convergent phenomena, in order to address the related failure of HSE to keep pace with best practices in the field.
|Commitee:||Clowes, Meena C.|
|Department:||School of Business and Technology Management|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-A 79/03(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Business administration, Criminology|
|Keywords:||Convergence, Crime-terror nexus, Deviant globalization, Threat convergence, Transnational organized crime, Virtual states|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be