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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Effects of Negative Climate for Diversity on Cognitive Outcomes of Latina/o College Students Attending Selective Institutions: A Comparison by Students' Gender, First-Generation College Status, and Immigrant Status
by Franco, Marla A., Ph.D./HE, Azusa Pacific University, 2017, 266; 10608460
Abstract (Summary)

Latinas/os are the fastest-growing racial minority group in the United States, yet there is a lack of parity between their increased population and their participation rates in higher education. The economic strength and vitality of the nation require a college-educated workforce; therefore, the need to improve educational environments that support increased degree attainment among Latinas/os is imperative. Despite the disproportionately low enrollment of Latina/o college students at selective U.S. higher education institutions, research has suggested that attending these types of institutions uniquely and positively influences students’ educational and socioeconomic outcomes (Hearn & Rosinger, 2014). Using Astin’s (1991) Inputs-Environments-Outcomes (I-E-O) model, this study examined Latina/o college students’ cognitive development over time, their experiences related to perceived climate for diversity, and the effects of negatively-perceived climates for diversity on their cognitive development based on students’ gender, first-generation college status, and immigrant status. A quantitative design using the 2014 University of California Undergraduate Experience Survey (UCUES) was employed, of which system-wide data from 4,299 junior and senior level Latino/a college students were used. Inferential and regression analyses were used to examine the effects of perceived negative climate for diversity on students’ cognitive outcomes. Results indicated that Latina/o students attending selective institutions benefitted greatly in their cognitive skills development, although unique differences were found when students’ outcomes were examined by their gender, first-generation college status, and immigrant status. Perceived negative climates for diversity varied depending on students’ gender, first-generation college status, and immigrant status. Examination of the effects of students’ background characteristics and college experiences on their cognitive outcomes also varied based on their gender, first-generation college status, and immigrant status. In particular, perceived negative climates for diversity were found to have mixed effects on Latina/o college students’ GPA, yet demonstrated little to no effect on students’ cognitive skills development.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Kim, Young K.
Commitee: Collins, Christopher S., Perez, Patricia A.
School: Azusa Pacific University
Department: Higher Education
School Location: United States -- California
Source: DAI-A 79/02(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Higher Education Administration, Sociology, Higher education
Keywords: Anti-deficit framework, Campus climate, Climate for diversity, Cognitive outcomes, Latina/o, Latino college students
Publication Number: 10608460
ISBN: 978-0-355-40049-6
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