Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Aufbau eines Rastertunnelmikroskops für Landau Level - Spektroskopie auf topologischen Isolator - Oberflächen
by Storz, Oliver, Ph.D., Bayerische Julius-Maximilians-Universitaet Wuerzburg (Germany), 2016, 103; 10730137
Abstract (Summary)

The scope of this thesis is the design and construction of a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) operating at low temperatures and high magnetic fields. The sample temperature can be reduced to 1.4\,Kelvin which permits to perform spectroscopic measurements with extremely high energy resolution. As demonstrated by fitting the gap of a superconducting material the thermal broadening of spectroscopic features is routinely found to be of the order of one milli-electronvolt. A linear travel mechanism allows to position the STM head inside a superconducting solenoid where magnetic fields up to 12.5\,Tesla can be applied perpendicular to the sample surface. Tips and samples can be exchanged in-situ and single atoms can be directly evaporated onto the cold sample surface without extracting the sample from the STM. To minimize the impact of mechanical vibrations, an innovative spring-damping system has been developed giving the tunneling junction a stability as low as one pico-meter.

\noindent The second part of this thesis presents the results of STM measurements on antimony telluride (\Sb_{2}Te_{3}). \Sb_{2}Te_{3}\, belongs to the relatively new class of materials known as topological insulators (TI). These compounds host on their surfaces linearly dispersing states which are protected by time-reversal symmetry. The focus of our measurements is the influence of a magnetic field on the properties of this unconventional 2D electron gas. The evolution of Landau levels (LL) in magnetic fields has been carefully analysed. Two are the main aspects which have been tackled: \medskip \noindent(i) Their energetic broadening, which can be directly linked to the lifetime (ii) Their spacial fluctuation. \medskip \noindent Surprisingly, the energetic broadening of the landau peaks cannot be explained by any of the mechanisms commonly limiting the lifetime. An alternative interpretation based on Heissenberg's uncertainty principle is presented, which is found to be in good agreement with our data. Furthermore spatially resolved experiments reveal systematic deviations of the Dirac velocities for positive and negative LL. These fluctuations are intimately linked to variations of the local chemical potential. As the physical origin of this deviation could not be unambiguously identified, the last part presents the experimental data and suggests possible explanations of this finding.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Bode , Matthias
School: Bayerische Julius-Maximilians-Universitaet Wuerzburg (Germany)
School Location: Germany
Source: DAI-C 81/1(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Physics
Keywords: Scanning tunneling microscope
Publication Number: 10730137
ISBN: 9781392548837
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