Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Study of the Mechanism of Irreversible Adsorption of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes to Sephacryl Hydrogel
by Rolsma, Caleb, M.Sc., University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, 2017, 101; 10636224
Abstract (Summary)

As a class of carbon-based nanomaterials, single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) have many structural variations, called chiralities, each with different properties. Many potential applications of SWNT require the properties of a single chirality, but current synthesis methods can only produce single chiralities at prohibitive costs, or mixtures of chiralities at more affordable prices. Post-synthesis chirality separations provide a solution to this problem, and hydrogel separations are one such method.

Despite much work in this field, the underlying interactions between SWNT and hydrogel are not fully understood. During separation, large quantities of SWNT are irretrievably lost due to irreversible adsorption to the hydrogel, posing a major problem to separation efficiency, while also offering an interesting scientific problem concerning the interaction of SWNT with hydrogels and surfactants.

This thesis explores the problem of irreversible adsorption, offering an explanation for the process from a mechanistic viewpoint, opening new ways for improvement in separation. In brief, this work concludes adsorption follows three pathways, two of which lead to irreversible adsorption, both mediated by the presence of surfactants and limited by characteristics of the hydrogel surface. These findings stand to increase the general understanding of hydrogel SWNT separations, leading to improvements in separation, and bringing the research field closer to the many potential applications of single-chirality SWNT.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Tvrdy, Kevin
Commitee: Diaz, Carlos, Owens, Janel, Ruminski, Ronald
School: University of Colorado at Colorado Springs
Department: Chemistry and Biochemistry
School Location: United States -- Colorado
Source: MAI 57/01M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Physical chemistry, Nanoscience
Keywords: Adsorption, Carbon nanotubes, Colloids, Hydrogels, Kinetics, Micelles
Publication Number: 10636224
ISBN: 978-0-355-36377-7
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