In this thesis, cell lines from cervical, endometrial and triple-negative breast cancer were investigated for expression and putative functions of adenosine receptors. Due to the lack of specific antibodies, a pharmacological approach using subtype-specific agonists and antagonists was taken. Radio ligand binding assays showed that adenosine receptors of the A1 subtype are expressed by SiHa cervical cancer and by HCC1806 breast cancer cells. Receptors of the A1 and A2A subtype are expressed by the endometrial cancer cell lines Ishikawa and HEC-1-A. A3 adenosine receptors could not be detected in any of the 5 investigated cell lines and the presence of receptors of the A2B subtype cannot be assessed with the available ligands. However, while the majority of the cell lines expressed adenosine receptors, a significant effect of adenosine receptor stimulation on adenylylcyclase activity was only detected in HEC-1-A cells. In crystal violet assays, high concentrations (100 µM) of adenosine showed a proapoptotic effect in Ishikawa- and HEC-1-A cells. The proliferation rate as measured by BrdU uptake was not affected by adenosine. The metabolically more stable adenosine receptor agonist NECA (in combination with ADA) had, in contrast, a stronger impact on the rate of apoptosis in the respective cell lines. Moreover, NECA also reduced BrdU uptake. Using various chemotherapeutics and death ligands, no synergy was observed between stimulation of adenosine receptors and further death stimuli.
Free extracellular adenosine can also be generated from ATP when cells express the ectonucleotidases CD39 and CD73. Due to the immunosuppressive effect of adenosine, these enzymes can inhibit T cell and NK cell responses in the tumor microenvironment. Flow cytometry, however, showed that expression of CD39 and/or CD73 remained unaltered after stimulation of adenosine receptors. Thus, further investigations will be required to reveal the functional role of adenosine receptor expression on the investigated tumor cell lines.
|Advisor:||Wischhusen , Jörg , Klotz , Karl-Norbert|
|School:||Bayerische Julius-Maximilians-Universitaet Wuerzburg (Germany)|
|Source:||DAI-C 81/1(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
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