This study was primarily undertaken to investigate the effect of petroleum oil spillage on traditional fish farming in the Niger Delta. In particular, it examined the effects of petroleum oil spillage on fish yield and fishermen income in affected local communities based on data collected from questionnaire survey of fifty fishermen in the two study communities. Based on contingency table analysis, it was established that: petroleum oil pollution has resulted in the reduction of fishermen fish yield as well as in the reduction of the monthly income of fish farmers in polluted fishing communities. While the communities blame the petroleum oil industry for their plight, analysis of the interviews conducted with five mangers of the oil companies operating in the study area blame the local communities for the petroleum oil spillages caused mainly by sabotage activities by the local people looking for huge compensation from the oil industry. The best ways to solving this problem would first be to solve the problem of illiteracy in the region, engage the youths in employment, carry out sensitization, orientation, awareness, and environment education on the negative effects of sabotage caused oil spills. Lastly, it was recommended that oil and gas firms should change old pipelines vulnerable to easy rupture, properly train their staffs to reduce human-induced oil spills, and lay underground pipes that cannot be easily breached by saboteurs.
|Commitee:||Grossman, Michael, Hu, Shunfu|
|School:||Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||MAI 57/01M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Geography, Environmental economics, Environmental management|
|Keywords:||Environmental degradation, Environmental pollution, Fish farming, Niger delta, Oil spillage, Sabotage|
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