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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

High-Fat Diet-Induced Obesity Increases Resilience against Gram-Negative Bacterial Infection in Drosophila Larvae
by Huynhle, Marvin, M.S., California State University, Long Beach, 2017, 73; 10288987
Abstract (Summary)

Obesity is known to lower the quality of life of organisms and much effort has gone towards reporting the interactions between obesity and the immune response with one example being the metabolic syndrome caused by obesity-related inflammation. Work using Drosophila has shown high-fat diets affect cardiac function, lifespan, and glucose homeostasis. To determine whether metabolic syndrome can be modeled in flies, Drosophila melanogaster were raised on a high fat diet. Several parameters of the stress and immune responses were assayed in the presence and absence of infection using Gram-negative bacterium, Serratia marcescens. This study found that a high fat diet increased expression of cytochrome oxidase C subunit COX4L. High fat larvae had a reduced bacterial load, higher expression of the antimicrobial peptide Diptericin, and improved survival rate following acute infection. This study supports using Drosophil a as a model to improve understanding of metabolic-immune interactions and reports antimicrobial benefits from a high fat diet.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Eldon, Elizabeth
Commitee: Brusslan, Judith, Fraser, Deborah
School: California State University, Long Beach
Department: Biological Sciences
School Location: United States -- California
Source: MAI 56/06M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Biology, Immunology
Publication Number: 10288987
ISBN: 978-0-355-21887-9
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