Research supports parent management training as the primary treatment for externalizing behaviors in children (Barlow et al., 2012). Brief parent management trainings have produced significant gains in improving parental stress and sense of competence in parents of young children (Colalillo et al., 2016; Cotter et al., 2013). However, parents of adolescents often require additional skills for managing their own emotions and stressors, especially while their adolescent is waiting for treatment. Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) has been shown to address the needs of these parents.
The present study employed a randomized, controlled, repeated measures design to investigate feasibility and effectiveness of a one-day DBT workshop and its impact on parent factors. Forty-two wait-listed parents of adolescents awaiting treatment at Hofstra University were identified, screened and provided informed consent. Parents filled out two measures assessing both their level of emotion dysregulation and their child’s and were matched to condition based on these scores.
The 6-hour workshops covered DBT material addressing parental affect regulation. Parents completed a series of measures assessing parenting sense of competence and parenting stress at the beginning and end of the workshop and again 4 weeks later. At the end of the workshop they completed an 8-question satisfaction survey. At the four-week follow-up, they completed the emotion regulation questionnaires for themselves and their adolescent. Control participants completed the same measures at three analogous time points by phone.
It was hypothesized that parents would report an improvement in stress, competence and emotion dysregulation after the workshop with gains maintained at follow up. Participants of the workshop were expected to report satisfaction with the service.
Results showed that the hypotheses regarding change on the outcomes within and between subjects were not supported, nor were the gains at the follow-up. The hypotheses regarding acceptability and feasibility of the intervention were supported. These findings inform areas of future research and suggest that workshops are a well-received and highly favorable way of addressing parental needs while they wait for treatment (if ineffective at targeting specific problem behaviors in participants).
|Advisor:||Ohr, Phyllis S.|
|Commitee:||McVey-Noble, Merry, Scardapane, Joseph R., Ward-Ciesielski, Erin F., Weingartner, Kristen M.|
|School Location:||United States -- New York|
|Source:||DAI-B 79/01(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Dialectical behavior therapy, Emotion regulation, Parent training, Parenting stress, Workshop|
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