The following thesis describes carpooling conversations as communicative genres. As an empiric study of intercultural communication it offers an insight into the communication during shared car journeys. The goal is to develop the phenomenon of “driving along” as a mobility option and to get a better understanding of the constitutive elements of the, up to now, unexplored conversations during ride sharing. The data corpus consists of ten intercultural and two intracultural carpooling conversations (audio recordings), which were transcribed and analyzed. A fully transcribed conversation was inductively examined for potential analysis categories. The developed phenomena will be subsequently analyzed with the help of the complete corpus. This qualitative analysis of conversations was based on the methods of genre analysis and the ethnographic conversation analysis. The results show that carpooling conversations reinforce recurring items and routines in which commencement and cessation of operational framework are exhibited. Besides a preferred selection of themes, a free theme development and their associative succession, the impact from the social environment, the individual´s origin and the situation of the participants were factors that were discovered to have influenced the theme selection. Route orientation, context relevant positing and sequences determining statements were observed to be genre specific elements. The GPS navigation device plays a key role and is seen as an orientation assistant that can influence in genre specific ways the interaction sequences at any time with its unpredictable announcements. And so, with the help of the comprehensive analysis, the genre of the carpooling conversations was able to be presented as a communication situation for which the involved parties have developed identifiable routines and rules.
|School:||Universitaet Bayreuth (Germany)|
|Source:||DAI-C 81/1(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Communication, Sociolinguistics, Social psychology|
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