Previous research has demonstrated that collective rumination—dwelling on a provocation with another person—augments aggression relative to individual rumination. The goal of the current study was to (a) extend these findings to displaced aggression, or “taking it out” on an innocent target and (b) examine type of target as a moderator. Participants were provoked, randomly assigned to ruminate either collectively or individually, and subsequently given the opportunity to displace their aggression against in-group, out-group, and no-group control targets. Results indicate that when individually ruminating about a provocation from an out-group member, participants displayed less aggression toward in-group (vs. out-group) targets. In contrast, participants who engaged in collective rumination did not differentiate among targets thus eliminating favorable behavior towards in-group members. Mediation analysis indicated that collective rumination increased negative affect which in turn augmented displaced aggression towards in-group targets. Implications for aggression will be discussed.
|Commitee:||Miles, James, Urizar, Guido|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 56/06M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Social psychology, Psychology|
|Keywords:||Aggression, Collective rumination, Displaced aggression, Intergroup processes, Rumination, Vicarious retribution|
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