The following three objectives guided this investigation. First, to know how much knowledge counseling professionals have about the transgender population. Second, to learn the perceptions, beliefs and attitudes these professionals have about this population. Third, to know if the participants know the competencies to work with this population, the ethical obligations in all the Codes of Ethics, and the applicable laws for the profession and the transgender population.
To achieve these objectives, the researcher created a questionnaire focused on the professional competencies to work with transgender individuals, the literature review related to the transgender population, and the practice of the counseling profession in diverse work settings. The questionnaire was administered to professional licensed counselors who voluntarily decided to participate during the Annual Convention of the Puerto Rican Professional Counseling Association (APCP) in 2016.
One hundred and fifty-one questionnaires were distributed. A total of 131 were returned, which represents a response rate of 87%. The internal consistency of the instrument was measured with Cronbach's Alpha. The result was .882, which establishes a strong consistency of the instrument according to Best and Kahn (2006).
The questionnaires were analyzed using descriptive statistical methods. The majority of the participants indicated they have knowledge of topics such as: empowerment, the fostering of well-being, the gender identity of clients, discrimination, and everything related to gender identity, among others.
However, the results indicate that many lack knowledge about topics such as: religious affiliation, the use of feminist theoretical models, the application of multicultural counseling, biological factors, living one's life according to the gender one identifies with, the ACA Code of Ethics, advocacy, the laws that protect transgender individuals, among others. Fifty-seven percent of participants indicated they have not taken any related training. Additionally, 53.7% indicated they have not offered direct services to transgender individuals. Based on the most important findings of this investigation, the researcher presents recommendations directed towards professional licensed counselors, the educational institutions that prepare these professionals, and future investigations.
|Advisor:||García-Menocal, Rosy Fernández|
|Commitee:||Agosto-Cepeda, Ariel I., Álvarez Romero, Claudia X.|
|School:||University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras (Puerto Rico)|
|School Location:||United States -- Puerto Rico|
|Source:||DAI-A 79/01(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||LGBTQ studies, School counseling, Counseling Psychology|
|Keywords:||Competencies for counseling with transgender clients, Gender diversity, Multicultural counseling, Social justice, Transgender counseling, Transgender professional counselors' perceptions|
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