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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The Impacts of Lake-Effect Snow on Traffic Volume in Ohio and Indiana, 2011-2015
by Burow, Daniel Allen, M.S., The University of North Dakota, 2017, 58; 10278772
Abstract (Summary)

Snowfall presents a hazard to drivers by reducing visibility and increasing safe stopping distances. As a result, some drivers cancel trips if snowfall is occurring or forecasted, and traffic volumes often decrease on snowy days. Lake-effect snow is very localized and is thus hypothesized to have a lesser influence on traffic volume than synoptic-scale snow, which usually covers a broader areal extent. Traffic volume in northeast Ohio and northern Indiana is studied using a matched-pair analysis to determine if volumes differ between lake-effect and synoptic-scale snowfall in these regions. While little statistical evidence is found to support this hypothesis, other relationships are discovered: lake-effect traffic volume is shown to be dependent in part on distance from the lake and population density of the surrounding area. Other trends relating traffic volume to time-of-day and accident patterns are also explored. Findings presented herein can assist in transportation planning, risk analysis, and roadway safety.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Atkinson, Christopher J.
Commitee: Osborne, Leon F., Todhunter, Paul E.
School: The University of North Dakota
Department: Geography
School Location: United States -- North Dakota
Source: MAI 56/06M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Geography, Transportation, Atmospheric sciences
Keywords: Hazards, Snowfall, Transportation
Publication Number: 10278772
ISBN: 978-0-355-13604-3
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