Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The Impact of Need for Affect and Personality on Relationship Conflict in Groups
by Gallo, Melanie Cain, Ph.D., The Chicago School of Professional Psychology, 2017, 102; 10603862
Abstract (Summary)

Relationship conflict in groups has been shown to be detrimental to group outcomes, and research notes that emotion or affect plays a significant part in its development. The Need for Affect (NFA) is a construct that reflects an individual’s attitude toward emotion and their level of desire to either approach or avoid emotion-inducing situations This study examined the relationship between NFA and relationship conflict in groups, then sought to determine whether the neuroticism personality trait was a moderator to that relationship. Members of 14 small workgroups (N = 68) in various organizations were administered a 67-question survey designed to (1) measure their individual need for affect level, (2) score their Big Five personality traits, and (3) measure intragroup conflict in their respective groups. Neuroticism was one of the five personality traits of interest because it has been shown to have a negative correlation with NFA. Pearson’s correlational analysis was run to test the neuroticism – NFA relationship, as well as the NFA – relationship conflict relationship. PROCESS moderation analysis was also conducted to test the moderation effect of neuroticism on the NFA – Conflict relationship. There was a significant negative correlation between neuroticism and NFA. However, no significant relationship existed between NFA and relationship conflict, and neuroticism did not significantly moderate that relationship.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Schwab, Elizabeth
Commitee: Benesh, Julie, Sukal, Marlon
School: The Chicago School of Professional Psychology
Department: Business Psychology: Consulting Track
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: DAI-B 78/12(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Social psychology, Psychology, Personality psychology
Keywords: Emotion, Group conflict, Need for affect, Neuroticism trait, Personality traits, Workgroup
Publication Number: 10603862
ISBN: 978-0-355-10427-1
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