Haitian and Antillean literatures are written in French. However, certain linguistic deviations are noticed in the works of Francophone writers from the Americano-Caribbean region. Even though linguistic creativity is one of the most salient characteristics of these literatures, critics tend to analyze the messages of those authors through historical and cultural lenses. However, when one houses the layout of the text, one is able to discover in it a message that is not always accessible to the francophone reader unfamiliar with Haitian and Antillean cultures. That is the reason why this dissertation analyzes the language in the works of Haitian and Antillean authors not only as a medium of communication, but also as a message in itself. To conduct this study, the dissertation examines, in the first chapter, the theories of researchers such as Ferdinand de Saussure, Charles Baissac, Jules Faine, Suzanne Sylvain, Robert Chaudenson, and Albert Valdman. The second chapter takes into consideration the historical aspects of the development of the French-based Creoles and their status in Haiti and the Antilles through the texts of Thomas Madiou, Jean Fouchard, Gabriel Debien, Dani Bébel-Gisler, Frantz Fanon, Maryse Condé, and Edouard Glissant. The third chapter investigates texts of Haitian authors from the beginning of the nineteenth century to the beginning of the last quarter of the twentieth century. The writers studied include Ignace Nau, Oswald Durand, Justin Lhérisson, Jacques Roumain, and Marie-Thérèse Colimon. The fourth chapter analyzes the Antillean writings through the three main literary periods: Negritude, Antillanité, and Créolité. The works of authors such as Aimé Césaire, Joseph Zobel, Edouard Glissant, Simone Schwarz-Bart, Maryse Condé, and Raphaël Confiant are investigated. To determine whether and how the linguistic innovations are still reflected in the works published, the fifth chapter studies contemporary Haitian and Antillean novels. To a certain extent, this dissertation emphasizes the importance of the role and the significance of language in these territories. It provides new tools and opens up new research avenues to scholars interested in exploring the written work produced in this area of the Francophone world.
|Commitee:||Barry, A. David, Clifton, Deborah, Winters, Richard|
|School:||University of Louisiana at Lafayette|
|School Location:||United States -- Louisiana|
|Source:||DAI-A 78/12(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Caribbean literature, History, Sociolinguistics|
|Keywords:||Antilles, Creoles a base lexicale francaise, Esclavage, Etablissement des grandes habitations, Haiti, Litterature antillaise, Litterature haitienne, Systeme educatif|
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