Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Food Accessibility: The Proximity of Food Sources to Neighborhoods in the Triple Cities of Broome County, New York
by Abubakari, Mohammed Rabiu, M.A., State University of New York at Binghamton, 2017, 92; 10282040
Abstract (Summary)

Issues of food accessibility and food insecurity receive high attention in the United States, due to evidence of disparities in the location and level of accessibility to nutritious food sources amongst neighborhoods of different economic classifications identified in several studies. However, most studies focus on grocery stores or convenience stores without considering other options available for food insecure residents. This research examined the different economic classes of neighborhoods in the Triple Cities of Broome County, New York and their proximity to grocery stores, food pantries and convenience stores, to establish the level of accessibility to food sources for residents of these different neighborhoods using ESRI ArcGIS for spatial analysis and Chi-Square for statistical analysis. The Findings reveal a positive relationship between the location and density of grocery stores, convenience stores and food pantries to low-income populations. Moreover, high-income neighborhoods are more disadvantaged in terms of physical access to food stores by distance. However, there exists an over-concentration of convenience stores in low-income neighborhoods compared to grocery stores and can have a negative impact on their diet choices and expenses on food.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Henry, Norah F., Tettey-Fio, Eugene
Commitee: Frazier, John W.
School: State University of New York at Binghamton
Department: Geography
School Location: United States -- New York
Source: MAI 56/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Geography, Public health, Urban planning
Keywords: Food accessibility, Food deserts, Food insecurity, Neighborhood food environment, Population health and nutrition
Publication Number: 10282040
ISBN: 978-0-355-08367-5
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