Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Integrating Emergency Medical Services Into the Patient-Centered Medical Home
by Anderson, Mindi S., D.H.A., Capella University, 2017, 114; 10288192
Abstract (Summary)

Abstract Emergency medical services (EMS) for nonemergent or low-acuity calls is a new normal. EMS agencies spend a majority of time providing primary care services through the 911 system. They are utilized currently to fill the primary care gap subconsciously. The EMS system is activated as a patient navigator for primary care services. EMS agencies in the state where the research occurred have responded to the gap in care management by creating innovative programs such as community health emergency medical services (CHEMS). Creation of CHEMS programs have become one of the most monumental concepts for change in the field on both a state and national level. EMS has sought ways to meet the goals of the Triple Aim by exploring CHEMS as the state transitions to value-based care. Leaders are searching for innovative ways to close the gap in the primary health care system through a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model. The action research study stimulated innovative thinking to support coordinated care across the evolving continuum of the health care system. The study captured the current awareness from community health care leaders who have had a recent opportunity to explore the idea of integrating EMS into the PCMH model through semi-structured interview sessions. Major findings in the thematical analysis discovered the current way both EMS and a PCMH function in a silo system that could potentially utilize each other to effectively provide managed care. Joint efforts could offset overutilization of EMS services for calls that have no apparent life threats. EMS would allow for a PCMH to conform to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act standards of care management, contributing to the integration of Triple Aim objectives. Collaboratively, EMS and an established PCMH will impact the delivery of preventative, quality and cost-efficient care. The theory of organizational culture change is based on three common characteristics: culture is shared, is intangible, and affects human behavior. The conceptual framework of the research study was based on the chronic care model. Patients with comorbidities potentially utilize the health care system more than a healthy patient to seek reassurance that their health is managed.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Miller, Christopher
Commitee: Dauthen, Delores, Minelli, Mark
School: Capella University
Department: Nursing and Health Sciences
School Location: United States -- Minnesota
Source: DAI-B 78/12(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Health care management
Keywords: Emergency medical services, Innovative, Integrate, Patient centered medical home
Publication Number: 10288192
ISBN: 978-0-355-06408-7
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