Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Optogenetic Investigation Reveals Robust Symmetry Breaking Mechanisms in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
by Witte, Kristen, Ph.D., The University of Chicago, 2017, 151; 10282229
Abstract (Summary)

Cell polarization underlies many cellular and organismal functions. The GTPase Cdc42 orchestrates polarization in many contexts. In budding yeast, polarization is associated with a focus of Cdc42•GTP which is thought to self sustain by recruiting a complex containing Cla4, a Cdc42-binding effector, Bem1, a scaffold and Cdc24, a Cdc42 GEF. Using optogenetics, we probe yeast polarization and find that local recruitment of Cdc24 or Bem1 is sufficient to induce polarization by triggering self-sustaining Cdc42 activity. However, the response to these perturbations depends on the recruited molecule, the cell cycle stage, and existing polarization sites. Before cell cycle entry, recruitment of Cdc24, but not Bem1, induces a metastable pool of Cdc42 that is sustained by positive feedback. Upon Cdk1 activation, recruitment of either Cdc24 or Bem1 creates a stable site of polarization that induces budding and inhibits formation of competing sites. Local perturbations have therefore revealed unexpected features of polarity establishment.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Glotzer, Michael
Commitee: Kovar, David, Munro, Edwin, Rust, Michael
School: The University of Chicago
Department: Cell and Molecular Biology
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: DAI-B 78/12(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Cellular biology
Keywords: Budding yeast, Optogenetics, Polarity, Positive feedback
Publication Number: 10282229
ISBN: 978-0-355-07927-2
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