The aim of this project was to describe the results of an integrative critical literature review on caring. Nursing has experienced a shift in worldviews away from Christianity and has moved toward a post-modern humanistic worldview. The purpose of this research was to determine if there is a need to develop a middle range theory on caring from a biblical Christian worldview.
This integrative critical literature review was designed to include diverse research methodologies and the views of nursing theorists, philosophers and theologians. Articles were reviewed to identify caring as a “state of being” and the perceived origin of caring. Five percent of the research articles and 15% of the non-research articles were based on a biblical Christian worldview. In this study, “being” was viewed as characteristics of the nurse, or who he or she is, as related to his or her identified origin of caring. Fifteen unique characteristic terms were identified in those articles which were written from a Christian worldview. Only 4% of the articles recognized one of the Trinity (God, Jesus, Holy Spirit) as the origin of caring.
Findings demonstrated there is a shortage of research publications addressing the Christian worldview on caring. The study also revealed that nursing educators, nursing students and practicing nurses are basing their caring practice on theories that are founded on post-modern humanistic values and beliefs. A biblical Christian worldview and a humanistic worldview include many of the same characteristics, but authors with a biblical Christian worldview uniquely identified characteristics that are the Fruit of the Spirit.
|School:||Indiana Wesleyan University|
|School Location:||United States -- Indiana|
|Source:||DAI-B 78/11(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Christian worldview, Integrative critical literature review, Middle range theory on caring|
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