Asymmetric hydrovinylation, the heterodimerization of a prochiral olefin with ethylene gas, has been used to control the exocyclic stereochemistry in the construction of highly advanced intermediates for the synthesis of biologically relevant molecules such as helioporins and pseudopterosins. The exocyclic stereocenters were installed using asymmetric hydrovinylation of a vinylarene followed by that of a 1,3-diene, which in turn was prepared from the initial hydrovinylation adduct. One of these intermediates, tricyclic ketone 67, for which the relative configurations of all the newly created stereocenters were established by X-ray crystallography, can be further elaborated into aglycones of Pseudopterosins A-F and G-J. These molecules are noted for their anti-inflammatory properties. Other intermediates are useful for the synthesis of Helioporins B and D, which have antiviral/cytotoxic properties. A key side reaction of an intermediate also suggests a new approach to the elisabethane skeleton. Several highly functionalized intermediates for the study of X-Y-mediated [X, Y = R3Si, R3Sn, -B(NR2)2] intramolecular cyclization of alleneyne and allene-aldehyde have also been synthesized. The allene-aldehyde cyclization mediated by silyl-stannanes, catalyzed by Pd, proceeded to form the cyclized product. The product of this reaction should serve as a key intermediate for the synthesis of trisubstituted pyrrolidines.
|Commitee:||Hart, David, Stambuli, James|
|School:||The Ohio State University|
|School Location:||United States -- Ohio|
|Source:||DAI-B 78/11(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Chemistry, Organic chemistry, Pharmacy sciences|
|Keywords:||Asymmetric hydrovinylation, Ethylene in synthesis, Exocyclic stereocontrol, Green chemistry, Methyl-bearing chiral centers, Nickel catalysis|
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