Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

A New Finite Element Procedure for Fatigue Life Predictionand High Strain Rate Assessment of Cold Worked Advanced High Strength Steel
by Tarar, Wasim Akram, Ph.D., The Ohio State University, 2008, 230; 10631292
Abstract (Summary)

This dissertation presents a new finite element procedure for fatigue life prediction and high strain rate assessment of cold worked Advanced High Strength Steel (AHSS). The first part of this research is related to the development of a new finite element procedure from an energy-based fatigue life prediction framework previously developed for prediction of axial, bending and multi-axial fatigue life. The framework for the prediction of fatigue life via energy analysis consists of constitutive laws which correlate the cyclic energy to the amount of energy required to fracture a material. In this study, the energy expressions that construct the new constitutive laws are integrated into a minimum potential energy formulation to develop new finite elements for fatigue life prediction for structural components subjected to axial, bending and multi-axial cyclic loads. The comparison of finite element method (FEM) results to the existing experimental fatigue data verifies the new finite element method for fatigue life prediction. The final output of this finite element analysis is in the form of number of cycles to failure for each element. The performance of the fatigue finite element is demonstrated by the fatigue life predictions from Al 6061-T6 and Ti-6Al-4V. In addition to developing new fatigue finite elements, a new equivalent stress expression and a new finite element procedure for multiaxail fatigue life prediction are also proposed. The new procedure is applicable to biaxial as well as multiaxial fatigue applications. The second part of this research is related to the development of LSDYNA material model for vehicle crash simulation based on high strain rate assessment of cold worked AHSS. In order to simulate actual crash using software like LSDYNA, it is desirable to have accurate stress/strain data for materials. The material models available in the literature ignore the effect of cold working on the material and present data only for flat sheets. In this research, the cold worked AHSS with curved cross-section is tested at strain rates of 1000 (in/in)/s and the data is used to develop a corresponding LSDYNA material model for vehicle crash simulation.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Shen, M.-H. Herman
Commitee: Harper, Brian, Katsube, Noriko, Yu, John
School: The Ohio State University
Department: Mechanical Engineering
School Location: United States -- Ohio
Source: DAI-B 78/11(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Mechanical engineering
Keywords: Fatigue, Finite element methods, Life cycles, Material models
Publication Number: 10631292
ISBN: 978-0-355-01554-6
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