The purpose of the present study was to investigate the antecedents and consequences of intra-individual variability in affect at work. In particular, the current study sought to investigate how aspects of the job, social characteristics, and individual differences relate to the variability in affective experience over time using experience sampling methodology. The current study also sought to investigate how affect variability relates to well-being and performance outcomes. The present study operationalized within-person affect variability using three calculations employed by Kuppens, van Mechelen, Nezlek, Dossche, and Timmermans (2007), and attempted to improve upon these operationalizations by testing key assumptions of the calculations used in Kuppens et al. (2007) and making modifications to the calculations as necessary. The current study found that various aspects of one's work environment (i.e., role ambiguity, affect in others) and individual differences (i.e., BIS/BAS; Action-State Preoccupation) were related to the variability in one's affective experience at work. Additionally, the present study found that the variability of one's affective experiences, and more specifically Spin, were significantly related to important work outcomes such as task performance, emotional exhaustion, and job satisfaction. Thus, the present study contributed to the literature on workplace affect by (a) advancing the operationalization of within-person affect variability, (b) examining this variability in a work context, and (c) testing the links of both individual difference and work context variables with this within-person variability.
|Commitee:||Callanan, Valerie, Hall, Rosalie, Lord, Robert, Snell, Andrea|
|School:||The University of Akron|
|School Location:||United States -- Ohio|
|Source:||DAI-A 78/11(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Affect, Affect variability, Antecedents, Core, Work|
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