Despite heavy interest by researchers through the years, the transition from Clovis culture to Folsom culture is still poorly understood by archaeologists. In addition, the perplexing question of why fluted and unfluted projectile point forms, which have different effort-costs associated with their production, are found in the same temporal contexts at Folsom-age sites looms large. These questions have implications for how technology can be used to overcome environmental stressors, such as the climatic changes at the end of the Pleistocene and changes in prey availability. In addition, the questions potentially relate to changing mobility patterns over time. My research attempts to address these questions by using an evolutionary theoretical approach to help understand change through time and cost/benefit decisions related to contemporaneous technologies of varied effort-cost. I examined several prehistoric Clovis and Folsom collections from the Plains and Plains periphery for evidence of change in morphological hafting extent, and I developed an experimental program that tests Paleoindian spear replicas on the functional variables of penetration, breakage, and hafted stability in order to address the following questions: Why are prehistoric hunters choosing longer flutes through time, and why are these hunters using both fully fluted points and unfluted points in the same context at the same time?
|Advisor:||Smiley, Francis E.|
|Commitee:||Small, Cathy A., Thompson, Kerry F.|
|School:||Northern Arizona University|
|Department:||Department of Anthropology|
|School Location:||United States -- Arizona|
|Source:||MAI 56/04M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Archaeology, Clovis, Experimental, Folsom, Mobility, Paleoindian|
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