Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Deliberate Practice Using Simulation to Improve Clinical Competency and Confidence
by Lacue, Sharon, D.N.P., Carlow University, 2017, 87; 10276390
Abstract (Summary)

Bridging the gap between classroom learning and nursing practice is an ongoing concern in nursing education. Multiple studies have found that students who are provided the knowledge, skills and modeling behavior, in addition to an expectation of efficacy, have an increase in their confidence of acquired skills and thus an increase in self-confidence and competence. However, patients in acute care settings have increasingly complex medical problems, which often leave nursing students with minimal hands-on care for their assigned patient. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of deliberate practice, using a repeated simulated clinical experience, on student self-confidence and competency. A quantitative method with a descriptive, non-experimental, pre-test-posttest study provided information about the effect of a repeated simulated clinical experience on student self-confidence and competence. A convenience sample of 26 nursing students from a university located in central Pennsylvania enrolled in their junior year medical-surgical course participated. Self-confidence was measured using the National League for Nursing (NLN) Self-Confidence in Learning with Simulation self-reporting instrument prior to experiencing the simulation and then immediately following the initial and repeated simulation. Competence with nursing skills using simulation was measured using the Creighton Competency Evaluation Instrument (CCEI) for both the initial simulation and the repeated simulation. Parametric statistics and a multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) indicated a statistical significance for overall improvement in competence following the repeated scenario, p = 0.001. There was no statistical significance in improvement of student self-confidence. The findings of this study suggest that repetition of a simulation scenario promoted an increase in overall competence and support incorporating deliberate practice of simulation scenarios.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Miketic, Joyce
Commitee: Fickley, Cindy, Rudy, Sally
School: Carlow University
Department: Nursing Practice
School Location: United States -- Pennsylvania
Source: DAI-B 78/10(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Nursing
Keywords: Competency, Deliberate practice, Nursing education, Self-confidence, Simulation
Publication Number: 10276390
ISBN: 9781369814057
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