The 1965 Immigration Act allowed a huge influx of new immigrants from Latin America, Asia, and the Caribbean, which extremely increased the levels of racial/ethnic composition of the U.S. society. Despite the fact that immigration from Europe to the U.S. has not stopped in this new era, the majority of research has focused on the labor market experiences of these nonwhite immigrants. New immigrant groups are also added to the white racial category as the U.S. Census Bureau started to refer "white” to a person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa. However, there is a shortage of academic research on the labor market experiences of these foreign-born non-Hispanic white immigrants, who differ in size, ethnic composition, socioeconomic background and geographic dispersion in the U.S. society. This research aims to fill this gap by examining whether or not earnings disparity exists between these immigrants and non-Hispanic US-born white Americans, and how much of this disparity is determined by the intersection of ethnicity and gender along with individual- and structural-level characteristics.
Applying multilevel regression models to the combined waves of data from the IPUMS and U.S. Census Bureau (1980–2010), the results show that earnings vary by ethnicity/gender, and there is significant earnings inequality between US-born white men and foreign-born white immigrants. Even more pronounced is significant gender earnings inequality within and between ethnic groups. Earnings gaps significantly vary across local labor markets, but much of the difference is determined by ethnicity/gender and individual-level predictors. Compared to temporal and regional context, local labor market context is not a major determinant of earnings achievement in the U.S. However, while the direct effects of local labor markets are trivial, they do have indirect effects on earnings through individual factors.
|Advisor:||Horton, Hayward D.|
|Commitee:||Deane, Glenn, Denton, Nancy A.|
|School:||State University of New York at Albany|
|School Location:||United States -- New York|
|Source:||DAI-A 78/10(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Sociology, Hispanic American studies|
|Keywords:||Assimilation, Earnings inequality, Foreign-born non-Hispanic white immigrants, Gender earnings inequality, Intersection of ethnicity and gender, Multilevel analysis of earnings|
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