Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The prevalence of sarcopenia & pre-sarcopenia among general medical and surgical patients
by Van Jacobs, Amanda C., M.S., Rush University, 2017, 102; 10612240
Abstract (Summary)

Limited data is available to determine the ability of subjective nutrition assessment tools to reliably discover sarcopenia among patients admitted to general medical floors (GMF). Patients were included if subjective global assessment (SGA, nutrition status), abdominal computed tomography (CT, muscle mass in Skeletal Muscle Index (SMI)) scan, and handgrip strength (HGS, muscle function) were completed within 7 days of hospitalization. Sarcopenia was determined using European Working Group on Sarcopenia guidelines (SMI <41 cm2/m2 for women, SMI <43 cm2/m<super> 2 for men with BMI <25 kg/m2 or <53 cm2/m<super> 2 for men with BMI >25 kg/m2</super> and handgrip strength measures <30 kg for men and <20 kg for women). A Pearson's Chi-Squared was utilized to determine associations between sarcopenia and nutrition status. A total of 141 subjects were included, 30% of which were sarcopenic, although only 55% of these patients were correctly classified by SGA. Future research is needed to develop an appropriate nutrition assessment tool to enhance SGA.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Peterson, Sarah J.
School: Rush University
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: MAI 56/04M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Aging, Nutrition
Keywords: Aging, Computed Tomography, Pre-Sarcopenia, Sarcopenia
Publication Number: 10612240
ISBN: 978-1-369-90378-2
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