Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impairments in social interaction and communication, is of unknown etiology, and has a prevalence of 1.5% in the U.S. Atypical language patterns and anatomical findings of brain asymmetry differences between neurotypical and individuals with ASD suggest involvement of brain lateralization aberrations in autism etiology. The literature suggests an increased frequency of non-right handedness (NRH) in ASD. This dissertation aimed to study the association between hand preference and ASD in a cohort of children with ASD using a large, well-designed, population-based case-control study, CHARGE (CHildhood Autism Risks from Genetics and the Environment).
In Chapter 1, we evaluated the association between handedness and ASD in 2- to 5-year old children. Chapter 2 longitudinally evaluated handedness outcome of the children from Chapter 1 at age 7 and older. We then investigated the utility of a parent-reported handedness assessment of children at ages 2-5 years using established hand preference at age 7+ years as the gold standard. Finally, we investigated the association between the intronic variant rs7799109 on the
Our findings indicate that children with neurodevelopmental disorders show a delayed establishment of handedness lateralization in early stages of childhood with a subset of these children still remaining NRH at age 7 years. Language deficits in children at ages 2 to 5 years are associated with NRH and ASD, and is a determinant of NRH in ASD at age 7 years and older. Our study also supports current literature that hand preference may have genomic underpinnings in ASD.
|Advisor:||Schmidt, Rebecca J.|
|Commitee:||Tancredi, Dan, Wu Nordahl, Christine|
|School:||University of California, Davis|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-B 78/10(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Neurosciences, Developmental psychology, Epidemiology|
|Keywords:||Autism spectrum disorder, Brain lateralization, FOXP2 gene, Handedness, Language lateralization, Neurodevelopmental disorders|
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