Adolescent pregnancy and parenthood have been identified as national public health problems and are topics of intense debate in the United States because of their impact on maternal and child health and on the social and economic well-being of the nation. While many types of parenting programs are available to the adolescent mother, not one approach has emerged as the most effective to decrease subsequent pregnancies and to improve mother and child health. Using Husserl's Phenomenology as a philosophical underpinning, what it means to be a pregnant adolescent living in a group home was explored. Data were collected from volunteers who had lived in two group homes in a suburban county in the Mid-Atlantic area of the U.S. In-depth, one-on-one interviews using a semi-structured guide were completed with eight participants. Giorgi's steps for analysis of the verbatim transcripts were used to develop essences and the essential structure about the phenomenon understudy. The participants' ages when they lived in the group home ranged from 13-17 years; the time they lived in the group home was between one to two years and some adolescents, after delivery, lived in the group home from six months to two years. Three themes emerged, each with subthemes, describing the participants' experiences: The environment with its rules and structure was experienced as either supportive or not in day-to-day living; Balancing adolescent expectations and needs impacted pregnancy and parenting; and Defining motherhood focused on the basics and was influenced by the participants' own mothering. The study's fmdings were compared and contrasted with well-known nursing, individual development, and parenting theories and relevant research findings. Nurses who care for adolescents throughout their pregnancy and the postpartum period are uniquely positioned to influence their development as mothers.
|School Location:||United States -- New York|
|Source:||DAI-B 78/10(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Medicine, Nursing, Public health|
|Keywords:||Adolescent Development, Adolescent Pregnancy, Giorgi, Parenting Programs, Phenomenology, Residential Programs|
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