Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

A widespread impact on small RNAs and gene networks in rice MSP1/OsTDL1a mutants, partners with key roles in anther development
by Fei, Qili, M.S., University of Delaware, 2015, 53; 10014955
Abstract (Summary)

Dissection of the genetic pathways and mechanisms by which anther development occurs in grasses is crucial for both a basic understanding of plant development and for traits of agronomic importance like male sterility. In rice, MULTIPLE SPOROCYTES1 (MSP1), a leucine-rich-repeat receptor kinase, play an important role in anther development by limiting the number of sporocytes. OsTDL1a (a TPD1-like gene in rice) encodes a small protein which acts as a cofactor of MSP1 in the same regulatory pathway. In this study, we analyzed small RNA and mRNA changes in different stages of spikelets from wildtype rice, and from msp1 and ostdl1a mutants. Analysis across different stages of rice spikelets of the small RNA data identified miRNAs demonstrating differential abundances. miR2275 was depleted in the two rice mutants; this miRNA is specifically enriched in anthers and functions to trigger the production of 24-nt phased secondary siRNAs (phasiRNAs) from PHAS loci. We observed that the 24-nt phasiRNAs as well as their precursor PHAS mRNAs were also depleted in the two mutants. Based on comparisons of transcript levels across the spikelet stages and mutants, we identified 22 transcription factors as candidates to have roles specific to anther development, potentially acting downstream of the OsTDL1a-MSP1 pathway. An analysis of co-expression identified three Argonaute-encoding genes (OsAGO1d, OsAGO2b, and OsAGO18) that accumulate transcripts coordinately with phasiRNAs, suggesting a functional relationship. By mRNA in situ analysis, we demonstrated a strong correlation between the spatiotemporal pattern of accumulation of these OsAGO transcripts with previously-published phasiRNA accumulation patterns from maize.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Meyers, Blake C.
Commitee:
School: University of Delaware
Department: Computer and Information Sciences
School Location: United States -- Delaware
Source: MAI 55/03M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Biology, Bioinformatics
Keywords: Anther development, Mrna, Rice, Small rna, Spikelet
Publication Number: 10014955
ISBN: 9781339488837
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